Biofuel quota

Updated: 10.01.2019

Author: Boris Valach

There is a target for biofuels, determined as the biofuel energy content share calculated from the energy content of the total quantity of petrol and diesel fuel placed in the market. The Act No. 181/2017 Coll. amended the RES Act in July 2017 and introduced the so-called advanced biofuels to the Slovak legislature as a transposition of the European Directive relating to the Quality of Petrol and Diesel Fuels. According to it, obligated parties must place on the market fuels that fulfil the advanced biofuels’ threshold, which are set by 2030. 

Eligible technologies

Subject to the obligation are only biofuels.


In § 2 par. 4 Letter a-m RES Act, ”biofuel” is defined as

  • biogenic liquid or gaseous biogenic fuel particularly
    • bioethanol produced from biomass,
    • biodiesel produced from vegetable oil or animal fat with the quality of diesel fuel,
    • biogas produced from biomass,
    • biomethanol produced from biomass,
    • biomethane produced from biomass,
    • biodimethylether produced from biomass,
    • bio-ETBE (ethyl-tert-butyl-ether): 47% ETBE produced from bioethanol,
    • bio-MTBE (methyl-tert-butyl-ether): 36% MTBE produced from biomethanol,
    • synthetic fuel produced through syntheses or mixtures of hydrocarbons produced from biomass,
    • biohydrogen produced from biomass,
    • pure vegetable oil, crude or refined but chemically unmodified,
    • other substance produced from biomass when used for transportation purposes
    • other substance produced from biomass when used for transportation purposes.,
    • liquid or gaseous motor fuel from renewable energy source of non-biological origin, which is liquid or gaseous fuel used in transport and whose energy content is derived from other renewable energy sources than biomass.

“Advanced biofuels” are biofuels produced from the raw materials and fuels defined in the Annex No. 1a RES Act (§ 14f par. 1 RES Act). Please see the Annex No. 1a RES Act for the exhaustive list of raw materials or fuels that may be utilised to produce of advanced biofuels (No. 1-20).


Amount of quota and period of application

The obligation to introduce to the market fuel with biofuel content with a reference value calculated from the total energy content of the quantity of fuel marketed in the Slovak Republic is determined as follows for the years 2017 to 2030 (§ 14a par. 1 Letter a-f RES Act):













Obligated party (defined in § 14a par. 2 Letter a-d RES Act) is obliged to place on the market fuels containing advanced biofuels at least at a reference value calculated from the energy content of the total amount of fuel placed on the market for a respective calendar year (§ 14f par. 2 Letter a-c RES Act):

  • 0.1% in the year 2019,
  • 0.5% in the period of 2020-2024,
  • 0.75% in the period of 2025-2030.

Adjustment of quotas

The targets for the period from 2019 to 2030 are prescribed by law and may be amended by law.

Fees and penalty charges

Non-fulfilment of obligations under the RES Actis subject to a fine imposed by the customs office.


Obligated party: A legal or natural person who (§ 14a par. 2 Letter a-d RES Act):

  • releases excise fuel for consumption in Slovakia in accordance with Act No. 98/2004,
  • transports fuel to Slovakia, outside the suspension of duty, for business purposes,
  • imports fuel to Slovakia from third countries,
  • markets fuel in a manner other than that described under a) to c).


Process flow

The legal or natural person introducing biofuel blends on the market must have a certificate of origin providing evidence that the proportion or amount of biofuel has been produced in accordance with the sustainability criteria defined by Act No. 98/2004.

The obligated legal or natural person is required to submit a report on the compliance with the market fuel obligation to the Slovak customs office no later than on the 25th day after the end of a calendar quarter (§ 14a par. 4 RES Act).

The legal or natural person that produces 100% biofuel, and natural or legal person transporting biofuel propellants to the territory of the Slovak Republic other than business tax suspensions, and legal person that import these fuels to the Slovak Republic from other Member States or third countries is obliged to notify the Ministry of Economy annually by 25 January of the respective year the following details (§ 14a par. 14 and par. 15 RES Act):

  • information on the origin of biofuel,
  • volumes of biofuels transported or imported into the territory of the Slovak Republic in a previous calendar year,
  • volumes of biofuels placed on the market in the previous calendar year,
  • greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) in the life cycle per unit of energy, including the provisional mean values of estimated emissions from biofuels resulting from indirect land use change.

Competent authority

Ministry of Economy of the Slovak Republic

Distribution of costs


The costs are borne by the consumers.

Distribution mechanism

The obliged companies pass on the costs arising from the quota obligation to the consumers by adding a surcharge to their fuel.


Further information

  • Ministerstvo životného prostredia Slovenskej republiky (MŽP SR) – Ministry of Environment of the Slovak Republic
  • Stanislav Jurikovič
  • +421 259 561 111
  • MŽP website
  • info(at)

Basic information on legal sources