Italy: Summary

Updated: 07.02.2019

Author: Jasmin Schwarz

Support schemes

In Italy, electricity generated from renewable energy sources is promoted through VAT- and real estate tax deductions. The electricity from renewable energy sources fed into the grid can be sold on the free market or to the GSE on a guaranteed minimum price (“ritiro dedicato”). In case the price on the free market is higher than the guaranteed minimum price the price difference will be reimbursed. Alternatively, renewable energy producers can opt for net-metering (“scambio sul posto”) which provides economical compensation to PV-producers for the electricity fed into the grid. “Ritiro dedicato” and “scambio sul posto” are not combinable. In March 2018 the Ministry for Economic Development approved a draft of the Renewable Energy Ministerial Decree (“Decreto FER 2018-2020”) governing support schemes for renewable energies. However, the draft is still subject to amendments and is therefore not included in here. 

More about support schemes

Grid issues

In Italy, grid operators are obliged to give priority access to renewable energy plants in the operation of their grids. They are also obliged to give priority dispatch to electricity from renewable sources. Plant operators may request their grid operator to expand the grid if the connection of a plant requires this expansion.

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In Italy, training programmes are developed at regional level. Certificates of installed plants is obligatory. All new or refurbished buildings must integrate RES, with an additional 10% to the obligation level for public buildings. A guarantee fund is in place for supporting district heating network development. In addition, a loan can also be used for supporting investment in RES plants.

More about policies

Further information

  • Autorità di Regolazione per Energia, Reti e Ambiente (ARERA) - Regulatory Authority for Energy, Grids and Environment (ARERA)
  • +392655651
  • website
  • info(at)