Training programmes for installers (Training of Craftsman)

Updated: 14.01.2019

Author: Tim Sternkopf

The profession of installers of RES installations is embedded in the craft training of installation mechanics for sanitation, heating and air conditioning systems. The training is divided into different phases. The first phase is an apprenticeship as laid out in SHKAMAAAusbV. In order to be admitted to the Master’s examination, the installer has to pass the journeyman’s examination in front of the board of examination from the Chamber of Trades and Crafts (§ 31 par. 1, 33 par. 1 HwO). Finally, the Master’s examination, defined in InstallateurHeizungsbauer MstrV, contains a theoretical and a practical part and is approved by the Master’s examination board also at the Chamber of Trades and Crafts. The recognition of the master’s degree is licensed according to §1 par. 2 and Annex A (24) Crafts Code. In order to offer services as self-employed, the business has to be listed in the register of craftsmen and obtains a trade card (§10 par. 2 HwO). On a regional level, the Chamber of Trades and Crafts offer special examinations (Fortbildungsprüfung) for example for solar and PV installers for which a fee is charged. The particular offers and requirements are published online.


People who are interested in becoming a craftsman and qualify for the apprenticeship. Special examinations are addressed to craftsmen. 

Competent authority

The training of installers is coordinated by the Chamber of Trades and Crafts (§ 42 a Crafts Code; § 41a par. 1 HwO in connection with § 16a EEWärmeG). The Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology is in charge of adopting training regulations (§ 42 HwO).

Distribution of costs


The federal states provide financial support to the companies. However, there is no federal support scheme for the apprenticeship. The State provides low interest loans and premiums in case of a successful master’s examination.

Private Financing

The company, in which the apprenticeship is done, covers the costs. The master’s degree is financed by the installer. 

European Union

In some cases, the EU supports the training via the European Social Fund.


Further information