France: Summary

Updated: 07.02.2019

Author: Helena Vidalic

Support schemes

In France the generation of heat through renewable energy plants is promoted through two systems of energy subsidies, two tax regulation mechanisms as well as through the granting of a zero percent-interest loan.

More about support schemes

Grid issues

In France, public distribution of heat is a competence of the local or regional authorities. In order to promote the use of renewable energies, territorial collectivities are entitled to classify heating networks located in their area, provided they are supplied with at least 50% of heat from renewable energy sources. New and renovated buildings located within a classified area are obliged to be connected to the heating network. 

The procedure of grid connection is at the same time also the procedure for grid development, since the construction of a plant must occur simultaneously with the construction (development) of the district heating grid.

More about grid issues


The following policies aim at promoting the development, installation and usage of RES-installations: There are 2 training programmes for RES-installers; 3 certification schemes for PV installations, solar thermal plants, wood-heating systems and heat pumps; one research, development and demonstration (RD&D) programme; a building obligation for the use of renewable heating and two support schemes for RES-H infrastructures. 

More about policies

Further information

  • Ministère de la Tansition écologique et solidaire - Ministry of the Ecological and Inclusive Transition
  • +33 14 081 212 2
  • website
  • Portail de l’Economie et des Finances - Economy and Finance Portal
  • +33 140 04 04 04
  • Portal website
  • Agence de l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l‘Energie (ADEME) – Energy Agency
  • +33 241 204 120
  • ADEME website
  • Syndicat des Energies Renouvelables (SER) – Association for Renewable Energy
  • +33 148 780 560
  • SER website
  • Agence Nationale pour l´Habitat (ANAH) - National Agency for Housing
  • ANAH website