Spain: Overall Summary
In Spain, the main support scheme (the “Régimen Especial”) operated until the end of 2011 and was suspended at the beginning of 2012. On October 2015, a new support scheme (the “Régimen Retributivo Específico”) was established. The aim was to grant a specific remuneration regime for new biomass plants located in the mainland electricity system and for wind energy plants. The allocation of the referred specific remuneration regime has been done through a competitive call for tenders.
A tax regulation mechanism for investments related to RES-E plants is in place. There is a tax credit for solar thermal and for biofuels in transport. Furthermore a quota system for biofuels is in place.
RES-E operators are entitled to grid connection, priority dispatch against the grid operator. Furthermore, a plant operator is entitled against the grid operator to an expansion of the grid, if the expansion is required for his plant to be connected to the grid.
Policies for training and certification of solar panel installers are in place. Buildings should satisfy a minimal solar contribution for warm sanitary water. There is also a financial support for large thermal plants in buildings that are supplied from RES. An overarching RD&D plan is in place that directs support to RES-E, RES-H&C and RES-T.