Lithuania: Overall summary
In Lithuania, electricity from renewable sources is mainly promoted through a sliding feed-in premium. RES plants with the installed capacity exceeding 10 kW acquire the guaranteed tariff rate through tenders. Furthermore, the producers of renewable electricity may apply for subsidies and loans from the Climate Change Special Programme and are exempt from excise duty. For solar power installations, net-metering is in place. Renewable energy sources for heating and cooling purposes are exempt from environmental pollution tax and are eligible for grants. Moreover, heat suppliers are obliged to purchase all heat produced from renewable energy sources. Transport sector is promoted through reimbursement of raw materials for biofuel production, obligation to sell petrol and diesel blended with biofuels, an exemption from excise tax and environmental pollution tax.
The operators of renewable energy plants are entitled to priority connection to the grid. The transmission and distribution of electricity from renewable energy sources shall be given the priority. Heating devices using renewable energy sources are connected according to non-discriminatory principles.
Currently, there are only a few legal provisions on policies aiming at promoting the development, installation and use of RES installations.