Italy: Overall summary
In Italy, support schemes for RES-E are managed by Gestore dei Servizi Energetici (GSE – Manager of Electricity Services). Electricity from renewable sources is mostly promoted through a combination of premium tariffs, feed-in tariffs and tender schemes. Tax regulation mechanisms are also in place for investment in RES-E plants. Furthermore, Gestore dei Servizi Energetici (GSE – Manager of Electricity Services) shall manage the sale of renewable energy on request, and interested parties can make use of net-metering.
Grid operators are obliged to give priority access to renewable energy plants. They are also obliged to give priority dispatch to electricity from renewable sources. Plant operators can request the grid operator to expand the grid if the connection of a plant requires this expansion.
A price based mechanism to support the development of RES-H installations is available. A tax regulation mechanism is also in place for the promotion of RES-H. District heating and cooling networks are managed at local level. Currently, the fund “Fondo Kyoto” for RES-H installations is not available for new applications, as the budget has been already exhausted and for 2017 no funding has been foreseen.
Biofuels can benefit from a quota system, which is the main tool through which the 10% goal of biofuels in consumption is to be reached by 2020.
Training programmes are being developed at regional level. Certification of installed plants is obligatory. All new or refurbished buildings must integrate RES, with an additional 10% to the obligation level for public buildings. A guarantee fund is in place for supporting district heating network development. Currently, the investment loans to support research, development and new RES plants are not available, as the budget has been exhausted and for 2017 no funding has been foreseen.