Ireland: Overall Summary
In Ireland, electricity from renewable sources was mainly promoted through a feed-in-tariff scheme (REFIT) until 31 December 2015. Currently there is no support scheme available for the production of electricity from renewable energy sources. Renewable energy sources for heating purposes are promoted through a grant and a tax return. The incentive for renewable energy use in transport is a quota system, while there is also a subsidy and two tax regulation mechanisms for the purchase of electric and (plug-in) hybrid electric vehicles.
Access of electricity from renewable sources to the grid shall be granted according to the principle of non-discrimination and renewable energy plants are connected under the so-called Group Processing Approach (GPA). Regarding the use of the grid, operators are obliged to provide an offer for use to every operator of an (renewable) energy plant. Grid operators are generally obliged to develop the grid system. However, individual plant operators do not have the right to demand grid expansion. In addition , there are also a number of transitional provisions concerning grid connections that aim to facilitate the correlation of grid connection with the new RES support scheme.
There are also policies in place that promote the installation and use of RES, mainly at the domestic sector, while there are RD&D Programmes that aim to promote the deployment of RES technologies.