Hungary: Overall Summary
In Hungary, electricity from renewable energy sources is supported by a feed-in-tariff (FiT) for installations with a capacity of 50 kW-500 kW. For installations with a capacity of 0.5-1 MW, the market (‘green’) premium applies. Plants with a capacity >1 MW and wind power plants are obliged to participate in a tendering procedure in order to receive the green premium. Household-sized power plants up to 50 kW can benefit from net metering. In general, subsidy programmes also promote the use of renewable energy sources in the electricity and heating sector. In 2017 those subsidy programmes are foremost realised within the framework of the Environment and Energy Efficiency Opera-tional Programme (EEEOP) and the Economic Development and Innovation Programme (EDIOP) which offer non-repayable grants and favourable loans, inter alia in combination with the feed-in tariff. However, the majority of the invitations to tender has not been published yet or is overdue. The main support scheme for the use of renewable energy in the transportation sector is a quota system supplemented by a reimbursement of excise duty.
Renewable energy plants shall be given priority grid connection and grid access. The costs for the connection of renewable energy plants to and the expansion of the grid are borne either by the plant operator or by the grid operator, depending on certain criteria.
There are a number of policies intending to promote the development, installation and use of RES installations. However, some policies are currently not available due to out-standing invitations to tender within the scope of the related subsidy programmes.