France: Overall summary

In France, electricity from renewable sources is promoted through a feed-in tariff, tenders and tax benefits. The generation of heat through renewable energy plants is promoted through several energy subsidies, tax regulation mechanisms as well as through a zero percent-interest loan. The main support scheme for renewable energy sources used in transport is a quota system. Furthermore, biofuels are supported through fiscal regulation.

The use of the grid for the transmission of electricity from renewable sources is subject to the general legislation on energy. There are no special provisions for electricity from renewable sources. As far as heating and cooling is concerned, public distribution of heat in France is a competence of the local or regional authorities. The procedure of grid connection is at the same time also the procedure for grid development, since the construction of a plant must occur simultaneously with the construction (development) of the district heating grid.

There are various policies aiming at promoting the development, installation and use of RES installations in France, including training programmes, certification schemes or RD&D programmes. 


Further information

  • Portail de l’Economie et des Finances - Economy and Finance Portal
  • +33 140 04 04 04
  • Portal website
  • Ministère de l’Environnement, de l’Énergie et de la Mer – Ministry of the Environment, Energy and Maritime Affairs
  • +33 14 081 212 2
  • website
  • Agence de l’Environnement et de la Maîtrise de l‘Energie (ADEME) – Energy Agency
  • +33 241 204 120
  • ADEME website
  • Syndicat des Energies Renouvelables (SER) – Association for Renewable Energy
  • +33 148 780 560
  • SER website
  • Commission de Régulation de l’Energie (CRE) – Energy regulatory authority
  • +33 144 504 100
  • CRE website
  • Gestionnaire du Réseau de Transport d’Electricité (RTE) – transmission grid operator
  • +33 141 02 10 00
  • RTE website
  • Electricité Réseau Distribution France (ERDF) – distribution grid operator
  • +33 247 802 572
  • ERDF website
  • Administration des Douanes et Droits Indirects – Customs Administration
  • +33 172 40 78 50
  • website
  • Agence Nationale pour l´Habitat (ANAH) - National Agency for Housing
  • ANAH website