Hungary: Summary

Updated: 24.02.2017

Author: Flora Borek

Support schemes

In Hungary, the support system for electricity from renewable sources has been modified in mid-2016 and has been partially replaced by the new Renewable Energy Support Scheme (METÁR) which came into force 1 Janu-ary 2017. The system comprises three sub-systems for support determined by the plant’s capacity, namely a feed-in tariff (which remains unchanged), a ‘green premium’ without tendering and a ‘green premium’ granted through tendering procedures. Furthermore, a so-called ‘brown premium’ has been introduced addressing solid biomass and biogas plants which serves as a technology-specific successive rate to the feed-in tariff. In general, additional support is provided by subsidy programmes for the use of renewable energy sources, mainly granted under the Environment and Energy Efficiency Operational Programme. However, many invitations to tender are still to be published. 

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Grid issues

The Act on Electric Energy (Act No. LXXXVI of 2007) gives priority grid connection and access to electricity generated from renew-able energy. Furthermore, it imposes restrictions on electricity imports to the benefit of renewable energy. The costs for the con-nection of renewable energy plants to and the expansion of the grid are borne either by the plant operator or by the grid opera-tor, depending on certain criteria.

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Policies

The following policies aim at promoting the installation, usage and distribution of RES-installations in Hungary. There are vocational trainings with some and limited relevance for RES-installations. Furthermore, there is a recommendation in place for considering the use of renewable energy sources in new buildings. This recom-mendation will turn into an obligation for all buildings ready to move in after 31 December 2020 according to standards set by the Government. Finally, there is a programme in place on the exemplary role of central gov-ernment agencies and applies to projects which aim at increasing the energy efficiency of public buildings and which foster the use of renewable energy sources. Policies on certification programmes for RES installation and on the support of RES-H infrastructure are mainly provided in the Environment and Energy Efficiency Operation-al Programme and the Economic Development and Innovation Operational Programme. 

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Hungary

Further information

  • Magyar Energetikai és Közműszabályozási Hivatal (MEKH) - Hungarian Energy and Public Utility Regulatory Authority (HEA)
  • +36 459 7777
  • MEKH website
  • mekh(at)mekh.hu
  • MAVIR – Magyar Villamosenergia-ipari Átviteli Rendszerirányító Zártkörüen Müködö Részvénytársaság – Hungarian transmission grid operator
  • +36 1 304 1000
  • MAVIR website
  • info(at)mavir.hu