Belgium: Summary

Updated: 02.12.2014

Author: Céline Najdawi / Melissa Wevers

Support schemes

In Belgium, electricity from renewable sources is promoted mainly through a quota system based on the trade of certificates. In general, renewable energy is a regional matter; only offshore wind and hydro power are governed by national regulations. The federal grid operator shall meet public obligations, which include the purchase of green certificates at a minimum price set by law for certain renewable electricity generation technologies. As described below, every region (Wallonia, Flanders, Brussels Capital) has its own standards of support for renewable energy, based on a national framework. Electricity suppliers are obliged to present green certificates to prove that a certain proportion (quota) of the electricity supplied to their final consumers in Belgium was generated from renewable sources. This quota may differ according to the region.

Please note: As in Belgium the competences are distributed between the national and the regional authorities, the information on Belgium presented on this website will comprise both national support schemes and regional schemes in Flanders, Wallonia and Brussels Capital.

Brussels

In the Brussels-Capital Region, the production of electricity from renewable energy sources is promoted through the federal system of green certificates as well as through regional support schemes such as energy subsidies, investment assistance for companies and net-metering.

Flanders

Flanders supports electricity from renewable energy sources by means of a quota system, an ecological premium and a net-metering scheme.

Wallonia

In the Walloon region, the generation of electricity through renewable energy plants is promoted through the federal system of green certificates as well as through regional support schemes such as energy subsidies, investment assistance for companies or for public bodies and net-metering.

More about support schemes

Grid issues

In Belgium, access of electricity from renewable energy sources is basically regulated by the general legislation on energy. Electricity from renewable energy sources is given priority in both connection to and use of the grid. The grid users are not entitled to the expansion of the grid.

The three regions are competent for the distribution as well as for the local transmission of electricity via grids with a nominal output of maximum 70kV. This corresponds to low (up to 30 kV) and middle (30 to 70 kV) voltage.

Brussels

In the Brussels-Capital region, access of electricity from renewable energy sources is basically regulated by the Brussels-Capital distribution grid code and by the regional electricity market ordinance. Electricity from renewable energy sources is given priority in both connection to and use of the grid.

Flanders

In Flanders, access of electricity from renewable energy sources to the grid is regulated by the basic legislation on energy market and technical regulations by the Flemish Electricity and Gas Regulator (VREG). Electricity from renewable energy sources is given priority in both connection to and use of the grid. Distribution grid operators are obliged to finance grid expansion.

Wallonia


In the Walloon region, access of electricity from renewable energy sources is basically regulated by the Walloon grid code and by the regional electricity market decree. Electricity from renewable energy sources is given priority in both connection to and use of the grid.

More about grid issues

Policies

The following policies aim at promoting the development, installation and usage of RES-installations on the federal level in Belgium: There are training programmes for RES-installers, a certification scheme for heat pumps installations as well as an indirect fiscal mechanism for research, development and demonstration (RD&D) programmes. Moreover, the exemplary role of public authorities is ensured through a public energy service company in charge of achieving and financing energy saving projects in public federal buildings.

Brussels

The following policies aim at promoting the development, installation and usage of RES-installations: the obligation of 30 % of green energy in the total energy consumption of new public buildings and a support scheme for the development of the RES-H infrastructure. However, there is no regional certification programme for RES installations, no research, development and dissemination (RD&D) programmes and no building obligations for the use of renewable heating provided in the Brussels-Capital region.

Flanders

Diverse policies are currently under discussion. The level of implementation differs.

Wallonia


The following policies aim at promoting the development, installation and usage of RES-installations: There are 2 training programmes for RES-installers, two different research, development and dissemination (RD&D) programmes, a building obligation for the use of renewable heating and a support scheme for the development of the RES-H infrastructure. Moreover, the Walloon government has developed a programme ensuring the exemplary role of public authorities. However, there is no regional certification programme for RES installations provided in the Walloon region.

More about policies
Belgium

Further information

  • SPF Economie, PME et Energie, Direction Générale de l´Energie - Federal Public Service Economy, SMEs, Self-Employed and Energy - Directorate-General for Energy
  • + 32 2 277 81 80
  • SPF website
  • info.eco(at)economie.fgov.be
  • Commission de Régulation de l'Electricité et du Gaz (CREG) – Federal Regulatory Authority
  • +32 228 976 11
  • CREG website
  • Ministre du Gouvernement de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, chargée du Logement, de la Qualité de Vie, de l’Environnement et de l'Energie - Minister of the Government of the Brussels-Capital Region, responsible for Environment and Energy
  • Céline Fremault
  • +32 25 08 79 11
  • website
  • info(at)fremault.irisnet.be
  • Ministère de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Administration de l'Economie et de l'Emploi (AEE) – Economy and Employment Administration of the Brussels-Capital region
  • +32 28 00 34 52
  • AEE website
  • info.eco(at)mrbc.irisnet.be
  • Bruxelles environnement IBGE : Administration de l'environnement et de l'énergie de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale - Environment and Energy administration of the Brussels Capital region
  • +32 27 75 75 75
  • IBGE website
  • info(at)ibgebim.be
  • Vlaamse Regulator van de Elektriciteits- en Gasmarkt (VREG) – Flemish Regulator of the Electricity and Gas market
  • +32 2 55 313 79
  • VREG website
  • info(at)vreg.be
  • Vlaamse Energieagentschap (VEA) – Flemish Energy Agency
  • VEA website
  • Ministère Wallon en charge de l´énergie – Walloon Ministry of Energy
  • + 32 81 23 4 7 11
  • Ministry website
  • Service Public de Wallonie (SPW) Direction Générale opérationnelle de l'Energie (DGO4) – Public Service of the Walloon region – Directorate General for Energy (DG04)
  • + 32 81 48 63 11
  • SPW website